As CBD continues to grow in popularity, and becomes part of the mainstream consciousness in regards to all things holistic health, we are often asked to clarify how CBD oil and hemp oil differ – after all, don’t they come from the same plant? So what are the differences between CBD oil and hemp oil?
We’ll discover that these are two significantly different things, with one being a powerful wellbeing compound extracted from leaves and flowers, and the other an oil derived from seeds.
These substances also usually come from a different plant – but we’ll explain in a little more detail!
With the Cannabis Sativa plant a gold mine of compounds, products, supplements and additives; it is essential to understand how CBD oil differs, and ensure you select the right cannabis product to support your health goals.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD stands for cannabidiol and is a therapeutic oil available in multiple ingestible formats.
To create this oil, manufacturers use a specialised extraction process – in Adio’s case, a CO2 process to avoid the use of solvents. This process draws out the CBD extract, which is one of the hundreds of compounds to be found in this powerhouse of a plant.
There are three fundamental varieties of CBD oil:
- Full-spectrum – which contains multiple cannabis plant compounds, including low-level THC (this is the psychoactive compound).
- CBD isolate – only containing CBD, with another raw material used as the carrier.
- Broad-spectrum – a CBD oil with multiple compounds, but excluding THC.
You need to know what sort of CBD oil you’re buying, since full-spectrum oils with THC might offer more comprehensive health benefits, but are not ideal if you are likely to be subjected to substance testing.
It’s also vital to ensure you only purchase full-spectrum CBD oils with below the maximum legal concentration of 0.2% THC.
CBD oil can be produced from either cannabis or hemp plants – although you’ll find a tiny amount of around 0.15% CBD in a cannabis plant, and between 12% and 18% CBD in a hemp plant.
Cannabis plants contain around 17% THC, whereas hemp plants usually have less than 0.3%, so you can see that the compounds between the two plants are very different.
What is Hemp Oil?
In contrast, hemp oil (or hemp seed oil) is created by pressing the seeds of the hemp plant. This is a very different process than CO2 extraction and produces the pale green oil you’re likely familiar with.
Hemp oil and hemp seed oil is the very same thing. However, many retailers refer to it as hemp seed oil purely to differentiate their product from other oils derived from the same plant.
This oil is thought to offer health benefits, but can also be used to manufacture beauty products, clothing and cooking oils.
You can pick up a hemp seed snack bar, yoghurt or bread, with the rich unsaturated fatty acids and essential amino acids being a positive addition to most diets.
Hemp oil is excellent for you in lots of ways – it has 25 times more rich omegas than olive oil, zero trans fat, and 40% less saturated fat than standard cooking oil.
This oil is produced from hemp seeds through cold pressing, or from the hemp plant to make paper, clothing, rope and multiple other everyday items.
Seeds don’t contain any THC and only a trace element of CBD.
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How do Health Benefits Differ Between CBD Oil and Hemp Oil?
As you might expect, both products offer exceptional wellbeing benefits, given that they can both be produced from elements of the same plant, or be extracted from similar species.
However, the way you might use them, and the benefits on offer are not the same:
CBD Oil Benefits:
- Relief from pain and inflammatory conditions.
- Aids with anxiety, depression and fatigue.
- Supports healthy sleep patterns and improves insomnia.
- An anti-opioid recovery tool.
- Treats epilepsy and seizure conditions.
- Relieves nausea and vomiting.
- Used for chronic pain management.
- Improves mood.
Hemp Oil Benefits:
- Improves cholesterol.
- Aids cardiovascular health with both high and low-density lipoproteins.
- Contains beneficial triglycerides.
- Relieves constipation.
- Soothes gastrointestinal complaints.
- Improves skin conditions.
- Is an antioxidant.
- Often used in anti-ageing skincare products.
This illustrates that CBD oil is a holistic wellness supplement, treating a range of conditions and complaints from stress and insomnia through to epilepsy and arthritis.
Hemp oil, conversely, is a food substance or used in raw material manufacturing as a skincare supplement, fabric or nutritional additive – often as part of an organic, low-fat, healthy diet.
Typically, oils are cold-pressed and produced from hemp plant seeds, and the stalk fibres are used in other products.
What Other Products are Derived from the Same Hemp Plant?
CBD and hemp oil are just two of many products that can be extracted from the same natural plant species; each of which has unique benefits and effects with varying intensity depending in the form in which taken, the extraction process, and concentration:
- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
THC is the psychoactive ingredient found in full-spectrum CBD oils. It is illegal in the UK in high concentrations and can create different effects in different users.
Effects usually last for around three hours and can make people feel relaxed and euphoric. THC is often used as pain relief, to reduce inflammation, and to treat nausea.
This substance is a terpene (an aromatic oil) – cannabis plants have over 100 different terpenes.
Limonese is fruity and citrusy and is extracted from the resin glands of the cannabis flower. These oils are used to relieve stress and anxiety, as well as being thought to prevent tumour growth. They can also be found in citrus fruits and juniper.
Another cannabinoid, most hemp plants contain less than 1% cannabigerol. A cannabigerol acid (CBG) can be any one of three strains, which transform into cannabinoids (such as CBD and THC) when broken down by light or heat.
Therefore, the difference in plant synthesis, and how these compounds are broken down dictates the strength of the cannabinoid extracted. Cannabigerol is thought to be neuroprotective and provide anti-inflammatory benefits.
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
Our next hemp plant by-product is also used for pain relief, and is a cousin of THC and CBD, but much less well known. CBC is antimicrobial, anti-viral, anti-depressant and an analgesic used to treat migraines.
As a minor cannabinoid, CBC is usually found in tropical cannabis species and is sometimes sold in specialist cannabis oil products, either alone or alongside other cannabinoids.
Another terpene, beta-caryophyllene has a peppery smell and is one of the more common terpenes, often about 25%. It is also used as a cannabinoid, and present in multiple strains of cannabis products and oils.
You can also find the same terpene in basil, oregano and cinnamon! The compound is used in face creams, beauty products, and even cooking sauces.
Is Cannabis Oil the Same thing as CBD Oil?
Another variant is cannabis oil – but, just as with hemp oil, there is a significant difference between the two products.
CBD oils use low-THC strains or are manufactured as a CBD isolate. The primary use of this oil is to treat and manage conditions such as stress, anxiety and pain.
Cannabis oil, on the other hand, is usually made from more potent plant strains containing higher levels of both CBD and THC. That means it is far more likely to produce a ‘high’ when used, which is very unlikely with a CBD oil used in correct dosages.
Please note that cannabis oil is not legal in the UK above specific concentrations, and is a banned substance on the Misuse of Drugs Act. Hence, it is critical that you know which oil you are buying and don’t inadvertently purchase an illegal drug.
Can You Take Hemp Oil and CBD Oil at the Same Time?
There is no reason why not; even if both oils contain an element of CBD since this isn’t a psychoactive ingredient.
However, be aware of potential side effects (such as a dry mouth and tiredness) and be conscious of your CBD oil dosage if you are also using a hemp oil product, for example in cooking.
Adio CBD oils come in three concentrations, and we always recommend starting on a lower dose and increasing strength over time. This gives you time to see how the benefits impact you and take a considered approach to find the ideal concentration that works for you.
Our CBD oils come in tinctures of 5%, 15% and 30% – so if you’re using hemp oil at the same time, it’s probably best to start with the 5% concentration and increase if necessary.
Which is used in Beauty Products – Cannabis, CBD, or Hemp Oil?
Cannabis is a big deal in the beauty industry – and you can find products incorporating both CBD oil and hemp seed oil.
Hempseed oil doesn’t clog pores and is anti-inflammatory so great for flare-ups, skin conditions or puffiness. It is also a powerful moisturiser, so can be used as a standalone oil, or within a face cream or serum.
CBD oil beauty products are emerging onto the market, and many are still in development but are known to be packed with antioxidants.
This can provide relief for multiple skin ailments, and the oil is already used as an allergy treatment and to assist with conditions such as asthma, allergies and rashes.
Whether you opt for CBD oil, hemp seed oil, or a combination of the two, these compounds deliver outstanding health benefits from the inside out – and look set to stay an essential element in holistic wellness and non-medicinal treatments for many years to come.