While medical marijuana is a term most of us know and understand, CBD is another matter. This natural plant supplement has launched into public awareness over the last few years, and yet many myths remain. What Does CBD Stand for in Medical Terms?
Here we’ll explain what CBD stands for, how and why it is used in UK prescription medications, and how to differentiate CBD from other cannabinoid products.
What Do CBD and THC Stand For?
CBD and THC are often mentioned in the same sentence; since both are the primary compounds extracted from cannabis plants.
However, while they might be farmed in similar ways, the benefits on offer, and the legality of these two elements, are significantly different.
- CBD stands for cannabidiol
- THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol
Confusing, yes! While both compounds contain a reference to ‘cannabidiol’, a ‘tetra’ cannabidiol is a psychoactive substance that makes you feel high. THC is illegal to sell in the UK unless in minimal trace concentrations. All Adio CBD supplements meet both UK and EU regulations on THC content (less than 0.2%) making them legal and non-psychoactive.
CBD, on the other hand, blocks the very same receptors that THC activates and thus has an opposite effect. It is calming, anti-inflammatory and a pain relief treatment, with no psychoactive effects.
Why is CBD Becoming Better Recognised as a Holistic Medical Option?
Once thought of as a cannabis-related substance with a grey area around legality, CBD has become extremely popular.
Endorsements by medical professionals, sportspeople and celebrities continue to validate the impact of CBD, many claiming that CBD helps with everything from recovery to managing chronic pain and relieving anxiety to promoting better sleep patterns.
In June 2018, Epidyolex was approved as a medically prescribed treatment for people living with epilepsy from the age of two years old. This drug is made from CBD and used to reduce the frequency and severity of seizures in epileptic conditions known as Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
As well as being approved by the FDA for prescription in the US, Epidyolex is available through the NHS here in the UK.
Scott Gottlieb, FDA Commissioner, said:
“This approval serves as a reminder that advancing sound development programs that properly evaluate active ingredients contained in marijuana can lead to important medical therapies. And, the FDA is committed to this kind of careful scientific research and drug development.”
Which UK Prescription Medications Contain CBD?
There are still very few prescription CBD products; hence many users decide to trial CBD usage independently.
When searching for CBD products to help manage a health condition or improve quality of life, it is essential to look for:
- Organic certified products free from pesticides or heavy metals.
- Clear, transparent labelling and sourcing information.
- Compliance with UK regulations around THC concentrations and ingredient disclosure.
- CO2 extraction methods to guarantee the quality and effectiveness of the CBD compound.
CBD is legal to buy, available in multiple shops and marketplaces, and suitable for use in users aged 18 and above. Having lab tested most of the UK market. That said, the quality of products on the UK market vary considerably, and so it is essential to seek expert guidance before investing in a CBD product that may not live up to its potential.
This is why Adio CBD is Organic, provides laboratory tested consistent cannabinoid levels, is mould free, heavy metal free and uses the highest quality extraction methods, bringing you the best product on the UK market.
Shop Our 100% Organic CBD Oils
We only use CBD extracted from 100% Certified Organic Hemp.
Explore the exceptional power of Mother Nature, with our unique CBD tinctures crafted from only the highest-quality organic ingredients.
Are There Other Names for CBD?
Like most substances, CBD can be referred to under different terms, all of which mean the same thing.
Similarly, there are many products sold claiming, or intending to be perceived as pure CBD products, that are something else.
Many consumers discover a vast range of CBD products, and may find it difficult to differentiate one from the other, or know what they should be buying!
Let’s find through some of the most commonly used terms in the CBD oil market to explain what they mean.
The CBD Dictionary
- Broad-spectrum: oils that are labelled as broad-spectrum contain more than one compound, but usually have the THC removed to avoid psychoactive effects.
- Cannabinoid: a range of over 100 chemical compounds to be found in cannabis plants. CBD is one such compound.
- Carrier oil: this is the substance that the CBD is infused with, to make it into an oil that is easy to ingest. Adio uses pure hemp oil as our carrier.
- CBD: the compound extracted from cannabis plants that is the active ingredient in CBD oil.
- Extraction process: how the CBD is removed from the plant. Techniques range significantly in quality preservation – all Adio CBD oils are produced with a technologically advanced CO2 technique to avoid damage to the compound.
- Full-spectrum: full-spectrum CBD oils contain all of the naturally occurring terpenes and cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. This means a broader range of benefits, but also potential exposure to THC concentrates.
- Hemp extract: this term can be used to imply that a hemp seed oil product is, in fact, CBD or THC. Hemp is a cannabis plant strain gown industrially. Hemp extract can be used to extract CBD, but can also be used to make cooking oil, fuel and fabrics.
- MCT oil: this stands for medium-chain triglycerides, which are chains of fats. MCT is a commonly used CBD carrier and can be produced from palm oil, dairy and coconuts.
- Mg per container: a labelling technique that describes the concentration of CBD in relation to the size of the product, rather than as a percentage.
- Terpenes: Terpenes are aromatic oils present naturally in many plants, including cannabis. There are over 120 cannabis terpenes, and you can also find these in everyday herbs, flowers and plants.
How Does CBD Actually Work?
CBD doesn’t make you high, nor is it a placebo – although users who have experienced low-quality products without sufficient active CBD might have found it to be ineffective.
Quality CBD provides tangible relief from countless ailments and works by interacting with the receptors in your body called endocannabinoids.
This system runs throughout your body, and such receptors exist on cell surfaces. CB1 receptors are in the brain, and CB2 receptors in your organs and immune system.
CBD impacts these receptors and therefore changes the signals issued to your brain. New endocannabinoids bind to the receptors and therefore promote balance. They can soothe feelings of anxiety, assist in recovery and relaxation, support a healthy immune system, and provide tangible relief from chronic pain conditions.
There are two different types of CBD, with the difference being, whether it is extracted from hemp or marijuana.
Marijuana plants have a low level of up to 2% CBD, but up to 30% THC depending on the strain and species – which means that CBD produced from this type of plant will be very low level. THC levels will be much higher; creating a psychoactive substance that is illegal in the UK.
Hemp plants usually contain less than 0.3% THC, and in the EU must be verified as less than 0.2% to pass manufacturing laws. Therefore, CBD extracted from hemp plants is far more potent, effective, and legal to use without any side effects.